Morphine is in a group of drugs called narcotic pain relievers. It is a potent analgesic drug and the primary active agent is opium. It is used to treat moderate to severe pain. While morphine is considered one of the best drugs for the treatment of severe pain, it is often used during a person’s final hours of living. The pain relieving capabilities are so strong that it is considered an appropriate choice to ease a person during this transitional time.
The powerful pain relieving properties may be the reason a person starts using morphine, but it is tolerance to the drug as well as cravings for the drug that cause most people to abuse morphine. Because of morphine’s highly addictive nature, the body quickly builds a tolerance to the morphine dosage, and users require greater and greater amounts of morphine to achieve the desired effect. Because morphine impacts the brain by presenting a desired state of being, the brain continually seeks or craves the high provided. When users experience a craving for morphine, they often take another dose prior to the scheduled time or increase the amount of morphine they take. A user may even start taking other pain relievers, other drugs that might enhance morphine or alcohol to combat cravings and tolerance. These actions are dangerous and are a clear indicator of abuse.
Mood disorders are categorized as a form of mental illness. Most serious mental illnesses are caused by complex imbalances in the brain’s chemical activity combined with environmental factors that can trigger the onset of a mood disorder episode. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that affects more than two million American adults in any given year. While bipolar disorder typically develops in late adolescence or early adulthood, some people have their first symptoms during childhood, and some develop them late in life. The cycles of mania and depression can last for days, weeks and even months and are characterized by changes in the following:
Often interfering with a person’s ability to function, bipolar disorder also affects the following:
Because of its emotional and psychological impact, bipolar disorder has been linked to substance abuse and attempts at self-medication.
While detox is often the first step for overcoming morphine addiction, a person with a Dual Diagnosis of morphine addiction and a mood disorder is strongly encouraged to take advantage of detox that is medically supervised. Morphine withdrawal symptoms affect mood, and users may be tempted to relapse without professionals present. Integrated treatment should follow detox. This form of treatment recognizes that each person’s recovery route is different. A psychiatric team and a medical team work together to develop a customized plan best suited for the recovering individual. Another reason that someone with co-occurring addiction and mood disorders should consider an integrated treatment approach that also provides psychiatric follow up and aftercare to assist in preventing relapse.
If you or a family member is suffering with a co-occurring morphine addiction and mood disorder, please call our toll-free helpline. We can answer your questions and provide information about integrated treatment, insurance coverage or different treatment options. We are available 24 hours a day to help you find the resources you need. We are here to help.