Morphine, the most abundant opiate alkaloid in opium poppy plants, is synthesized to make heroin and several prescription pain medications. Brand name formulations include Avinza, MS Contin and Kadian, but the generic version is simply called morphine or morphine sulfate. When used medically, the drug acts directly on the central nervous system to relieve pain, but it also produces euphoric effects that motivate abuse. Extended morphine use can result in an addiction so strong that addicts often dismiss the need for rehabilitation treatment with various excuses, including the following:
Intravenous heroin use has more risks than oral morphine use, but the difference reflects the delivery method and not the actual drugs. In reality, heroin is made from morphine, and when injected into the body, heroin converts back into morphine. Intravenous use of heroin and dissolved morphine tablets are both dangerous, and oral morphine abuse leads to dependence and addiction just like heroin.
From chronic back pain to migraine headaches, many people take morphine medically to relieve physical discomfort. Unfortunately, an addiction can still occur with medical use, and the withdrawal symptoms include increased sensitivity to pain. Morphine abuse also leads to tolerance in which higher doses are needed to achieve the same effects and stave off withdrawal symptoms. If chronic pain is involved, treatment centers can help with non-narcotic therapies like deep-tissue massage, chiropractic treatments, acupuncture, electrical stimulation, hot-cold applications and local anesthesia.
Morphine derives its name from Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams, because the drug typically helps induce sleep. Several other medications treat insomnia more safely, but if morphine is the only drug that works, an addiction has likely taken hold. Insomnia is a potential withdrawal symptom, which is why an addict becomes so dependent on morphine, but holistic therapies in rehab can help address sleep problems.
Morphine may be prescribed to treat physical pain, but addicts often take the drug to suppress emotional pain. Mood disorders like depression and anxiety are common co-occurring conditions with opioid addiction. While morphine may provide temporary relief, addiction tends to intensify or unmask mental health disorders, and withdrawal symptoms typically include severe mood swings. Professional treatment can address mental health issues with integrated therapies.
A common addiction sign is to place the blame on other people or situations. Addicts might say the morphine is necessary to deal with stress at work, school or home. As a defense mechanism, many addicts will blame loved ones who challenge them on their substance abuse. While addiction multiplies people’s problems, rehab empowers patients with life tools to address stress, anger, conflict and other common issues.
Many addicts dismiss concern by saying they only take the drug for fun and they do not have a problem. If an addict stops using, the first opiate withdrawal symptoms typically begin after 24 hours and peak after three days. Potential addicts who say they do not have a problem should be challenged to go three days without using. If the person does have a problem, noticeable symptoms like diarrhea, stomach cramping, nausea and vomiting will likely emerge.
Our admissions coordinators can take your call 24 hours a day to discuss warning signs, treatment methods and rehab facilities, and we can even check health insurance plans for benefits. If you need assistance, please call our toll-free helpline now.