Morphine is an alkaloid derived from the unripe seedpods of opium poppy, and the World Health Organization has called it the “gold standard” for treating severe and agonizing pain, particularly in cancer patients. Morphine is one of the first opiate-based medicines, and modern opioids now include drugs such as the following:
Morphine treats pain by acting directly on the central nervous system, and the drug is highly addictive and commonly used for illicit recreational purposes. Morphine use mostly occurs in wealthier western nations. The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) found that the United States, Canada, Europe, Japan, Australia and New Zealand made up over 95% of all morphine use in 2005 despite making up less than 20% of the global population.
Opium elixir references appear all the way back to the Byzantine era, though modern morphine came into existence in the early 19th century. The following are a few facts about morphine:
Today Afghanistan is the world’s largest producer of opium, though Mexico has multiplied its output in recent years.
Morphine users can quickly develop a physical tolerance which results in common drug-related side effects like diarrhea, nausea, chills, shakes and tremors. Symptoms of morphine use that are more serious include the following:
Taking too much morphine or combining it with other opioids and/or prescription medications can result in a potentially fatal overdose or central nervous system depression.
Whether the dependency occurred while treating pain or getting high, many addicts maintain the addiction for fear of the withdrawal symptoms. Fortunately modern treatment excels at minimizing the discomfort of detox with options like medically supervised detox, tapered detox or substitute drug therapy. After detox users need professional help to prepare for a drug-free life. This help with do the following:
Morphine may appear to be the highbrow version of heroin, but both opioid drugs can ensnare a user in a debilitating addiction.
If you are struggling with any form of opiate abuse or addiction, our expert staff can help. We are available 24 hours a day to answer questions about addiction, treatment options and rehab facilities. Morphine abuse is too dangerous to delay seeking help. Call our toll-free helpline today.