Morphine is in a group of drugs called narcotic pain relievers. It is a potent analgesic drug and the primary active agent is opium. It is used to treat moderate to severe pain. Morphine works by dulling the pain perception center in the brain.
Morphine Abuse Trends
Much research has been conducted regarding the trends of medical and non-medical use of narcotic pain relievers, such as morphine. Some findings include the following statistics:
- From 1990 to 1996, medical use of morphine almost doubled, and non-medical use of morphine increase significantly.
- The US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services (SAMHSA) report that after marijuana, non-medical use of painkillers is the second most common form of illicit drug use in the United States.
- According to SAMHSA, 21% of people age 12 and older (5.2 million individuals) reported using prescription pain relievers non-medically in 2007.
- The US Drug Enforcement Agency suggests that the number of people abusing any prescription drugs is even higher at 7 million individuals.
- According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, there were an estimated 90,232 emergency department visits related to narcotic analgesic abuse in 2001.
- According to Drug Abuse Warning Network, or DAWN, heroin and morphine accounted for 51% of drug deaths ruled accidental or unexpected in 1999.
- Statistics shows 40-60% of those who join or attend some type of psychosocial assistance make it to recovery with minimal to no relapse.
- The increase of emergency room visits due to morphine has increased as much as 15%. Morphine was ranked as the number 3 cause for emergency room admissions; the first was alcohol and drug combination, followed by cocaine abuse.
- Persons who were injecting opiates averaged 14 years of use before entering treatment for the first time.
Morphine Abuse Signs
The signs of morphine abuse are vague enough to be associated with other, less threatening conditions, but someone who is on morphine will exude some of the following symptoms:
- Sweating, chills, dizziness, and drowsiness are often attributed to the flu.
- Rash, hives, and itching are initially investigated for contact dermatitis or some allergy.
- Constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain, cramps, nausea, fluid retention, and dry mouth are associated with stomach or digestive issues.
- Stress can also explain other symptoms such as light-headedness, tingling sensations, headaches, fluctuation in blood pressure, and insomnia.
However, if a person experiences any of the following symptoms, morphine abuse may be the reason:
- Blurred vision, double vision , involuntary movement of the eyeball, or “pinpoint” pupils
- Slurred speech, fainting/faintness, or uncoordinated muscle movements
- Tremors or seizures
- Needle marks (if injecting drugs)
- Memory loss
- Exaggerated sense of well-being
- Abnormal thinking
- Extreme agitation
Find Morphine Addiction Treatment Centers Today
Determining when a person’s use of morphine moves from therapeutic to addictive is difficult to do, especially if the person is a family member or friend. But we can help, so please call our toll-free number today. We are available 24 hours a day to answer any questions you might have about morphine addiction treatment. Call us today.