How Does Morphine’s Classification Affect Addiction?

How Does Morphine’s Classification Affect Addiction?

Morphine treats moderate to severe pain, and it is sometimes prescribed to people with cancer or terminal illnesses. It works by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and central nervous system where it reduces both perceptions and emotional responses to pain. Despite these uses, morphine is a highly potent drug. When properly administered by a health-care provider, it is safe and helpful, but it is also highly dangerous during use. The euphoria it creates when taken illicitly causes the brain to rewire neural pathways and reinforce drug-use behaviors, which is why recovery and long-term sobriety are nearly impossible to achieve without professional treatment.

Signs of Morphine Addiction

Some people become addicted to morphine after a single use, but others become dependent more slowly. This means it may be difficult to recognize a morphine addiction, but you can do this by looking out for the following signs of addiction:

  • Migraine headaches
  • Paranoia
  • Vomiting

Morphine addiction is a serious condition that requires medical help to break. Most people who struggle with morphine abuse also receive long-term treatment and replacement therapy to help prevent relapse.

Morphine’s Classification

The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 divided substances into five groups, or “schedules.” These schedules govern the legal distribution and use of most substances with a significant abuse liability. The Drug Enforcement Agency is the primary federal agency charged with enforcing these regulations, and so it coordinates national and international efforts to reduce illicit drug supplies. Because the DEA plays these roles, this classification scheme is often referred to as the DEA Schedules.

In the US, morphine is classified as a Schedule II drug, which means it meets the following criteria:

  • A high potential for abuse
  • Severe risk of psychological and/or physical dependence
  • Legitimate medical use

Strict laws govern Schedule II drugs. Although some states and many insurance companies limit controlled substances to a 30-day supply, with no specific lines limiting the quantity of drugs dispensed via prescription. In other words, to obtain morphine, users must meet the following regulations:

  • Have a written prescription signed by a health provider
  • Oral orders may be given only in emergency situations
  • There is no federal time limit within which it must be filled after being signed
  • Refills are prohibited

In addition to physical harm, most Schedule II substances such as morphine can create severe psychological dependence. Someone is psychologically dependent when she craves a substance for the relief it provides—typically the positive emotions it generates or the negative feelings it numbs. Signs of dependency include the following issues:

  • Mood swings
  • Continued use despite negative consequences
  • Preoccupation with finding and using drugs
  • Depression or anxiety when unable to take morphine
  • Loss of motivation
  • Inability to handle typical pressures
  • Loss of interest in activities previously enjoyed

Like many addictions that create neurological changes, morphine abuse is easier to overcome during its early stages. In other words, it is never too soon to get help.

Help for Morphine Addiction

If you or someone you love suffers from morphine addiction, we can help. Admissions coordinators are available at our toll-free, 24 hour helpline right now to guide you to a drug-free life. Don’t go it alone when confidential help is just one phone call away.