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Morphine is a powerful narcotic agent with strong analgesic action and other significant effects on the central nervous system. It is dangerously addicting. Morphine is a naturally occurring member of a large chemical class of compounds called alkaloids. Morphine is highly effective in relieving pain. It also inhibits the cough reflex, decreases the desire to eat, and causes constipation. Side effects include impairment of mental performance, euphoria, drowsiness, lethargy, and blurred vision.

The name, which derives from Morpheus, the mythological son of sleep and god of dreams, was coined in 1805 by German apothecary Adolf Serturner (1783-1841) to designate the main alkaloid in opium. Opium comes from the poppy plant.

Morphine is in a group of drugs called narcotic pain relievers. It is a highly potent opiate analgesic that is used to treat moderate to moderately severe chronic pain. Short-acting morphine is taken as needed for pain. Extended-release morphine is for use when around-the-clock pain relief is needed. Morphine is said to be the most powerful pain reliever medicine has to offer today and sets the standard by which all other opiates potency is tested.

Some brand names of Morphine are Avinza, Kadian, Morphine IR, MS Contin, MSIR, Oramorph SR, and Roxanol.

Morphine Effects

Most morphine users are seeking pain relief as their primary reason for taking the drug. However, there are several other serious and not so serious side effects.

You should get emergency medical help if you have any signs of an allergic reaction that include: hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of your face, lips, tongue or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • Shallow breathing
  • Slow heartbeat
  • Seizure (convulsions)
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Confusion
  • Severe weakness or dizziness
  • Feeling light-headed, fainting

Less serious side effects are more likely to occur, such as:

  • Constipation
  • Warmth, tingling, or redness under your skin
  • Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Anxiety
  • Memory problems
  • Sleep problems (insomnia)

Morphine Treatment

Just because they are legally approved for use doesn’t mean they can’t be addictive and just as dangerous as illegal drugs when used improperly.

Prescription drugs can ease pain and aid in recovery, but they are also one of the most common roads to addiction around today. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), its National Survey on Drug Abuse indicated that the abuse of prescription drugs is rising rapidly in the United States. This new category of drug abuse usually focuses on prescription pain medications like Vicodin, Demerol, oxycodone, OxyContin, codeine or morphine. While the different formulas vary in their addictive powers, they all carry a risk of dependency.

Experts don’t know exactly why this type of drug abuse is increasing. The easy availability may be one reason. Doctors are prescribing more drugs for a wider range of health problems than ever before. The Internet has also made prescription drugs just a few mouse clicks away – often without a prescription. Also, these drugs may appeal to those who would never consider taking “street drugs,” but see prescription meds as safer and legal. Prescription drugs can be just as addictive, though, and “use” can quickly turn to “abuse.”

Three Classes of Prescription Drugs Most Commonly Abused

  1. Opioids – which are used to treat pain (includes codeine, oxycodone and morphine)
  2. Central nervous system (CNS) depressants – used to treat sleep disorders and anxiety (includes barbiturates and benzodiazepines)
  3. Stimulants – used for narcolepsy, ADHD and obesity (includes dextroamphetamine and methylphenidate)

Morphine Overdose

The term drug overdose describes the ingestion or application of a drug or other substance in quantities greater than are recommended or generally practiced. If you have overdosed on morphine, please call emergency help immediately. An overdose of morphine can be fatal.
Overdose symptoms may include:

  • Extreme drowsiness
  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Confusion
  • Cold and clammy skin
  • Weak pulse
  • Shallow breathing
  • Fainting
  • Breathing that stops

Morphine Help

Just because morphine is a prescribed drug for pain relief does not mean this drug cannot become addictive. Please be aware of the side effects of morphine as well as early signs of abuse. Call our toll free number if you have had problems with morphine and are in need of help.