Forms of Morphine

Forms of Morphine

Morphine is in a group of drugs called narcotic pain relievers. It is a potent analgesic drug and the primary active agent is opium. It is used to treat moderate to severe pain. Morphine works by dulling the pain perception center in the brain.

A patient can use short-acting formula morphine on an “as needed” basis for the pain or an extended-release formula when using morphine for around-the-clock patients who are constantly in pain. Often times, your doctor will not prescribe morphine unless your body has already built up a tolerance to other opioid medications because morphine is highly addictive.

Morphine can be habit forming, so it is important to only take what is prescribed to you by your doctor, so that your body does not build up a tolerance quickly. It is also important to keep it in a safe place away from children and those who have had addiction problems. Morphine is popular for teenagers who want to do drugs because it is easily accessible in their parents’ medicine cabinets. Morphine should be stopped gradually in order to not experience withdrawal symptoms.

Morphine Side Effects

Users may experience certain side effects when using morphine. These effects are increased when morphine is abused.

  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Drowsiness
  • Upset stomach
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea

Forms of Morphine

Morphine can be found under generic and brand name products including MS-Contin®, Oramorph SR®, MSIR®, Roxanol®, Kadian®, and RMS®. Morphine is used through injection for preoperative sedation, rather than using an anesthesia. Traditionally, morphine was almost exclusively used by injection. Today, however, morphine is taken in a variety of different forms. Some of these forms include: oral solutions, immediate and sustained-release tablets and capsules, injectable preparations and suppositories.

Morphine Oral Solutions

Oral solutions come in the form of a liquid. This form is commonly used on hospice patients because it is easier to take when people have a hard time swallowing pills. It is often concentrated so that a greater dose can be given with less liquid. Many users prefer this kind because it is easy to take and begins working within 15 minutes and only lasts for around four hours. However, liquid morphine has a very bitter taste.

Morphine Tablets and Capsules

Morphine tablets and capsules come in extended release as well as rapid release. It is important to take the tablets and capsules as they are given. Do not break, crush or chew the extended release tablets. They have been designed specifically to give the patient the correct amount of morphine over a period of time. Breaking, crushing or chewing the tablets will release too much morphine into the bloodstream at one time.

However, rapid release tablets can be crushed and mixed into food such as applesauce or pudding. This is a popular thing to do when abusing morphine because it creates a strong high.

Morphine Injections

Injections are not as common with morphine because the other methods are quite effective. Injections are typically used for surgery preparations when using morphine rather than an anesthesia.

Morphine Suppositories

Suppositories are also not used as often. They are typically used when a patient needs a longer lasting dose, but have difficulty swallowing. When given in the form of a suppository, it should only be inserted into the rectum.

Morphine Interactions

Most prescribed medications have contraindications; meaning it is recommended that you do not use the prescribed drug if you have one or more of a list of other characteristics or drug usage. In some cases, it is recommended that you absolutely do not take the prescribed medication. In other cases, caution in use is recommended.

For morphine, it is recommended that you avoid using it if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. MAO inhibitors are the family of medications used primarily for treating depression and Parkinson’s disease. The two-week period suggests that the chemicals in the MAO inhibitor will have cleared your body after two weeks. Exactly what period of time your body processes a medication completely out of your system varies per person, so just using a basic timeframe as a point of reference could be insufficient.

It is also recommended that you do not take morphine with other narcotic pain medications, sedatives, tranquilizers, muscle relaxers or other medicines that can make you sleepy or slow your breathing.

There are other prescribed medications that may or may not interact with your use of morphine including most medications prescribed for the treatment of pain.

With morphine being such an effective treatment for severe pain, physicians and scientists continue to evaluate the benefit/risk ratio of prescribing morphine. Ongoing research to further understand how morphine works may provide insights on how to better manage its addictive properties. Without such information, a person must commit to managing their morphine use and taking action should they feel that the use is becoming abuse.

Morphine Help

If you or a loved one is addicted to morphine, it is important to seek help. Morphine is a highly dependent drug. Once addicted, the effects are devastating. Many lose their jobs, dreams and ambitions. But, there is hope. If you are interested in receiving information on morphine detox or rehab, please call our toll free number at (877) 259-5633.