Morphine has a long history of use in the United States, because it is an extremely potent opiate, analgesic and psychoactive drug. Morphine is considered one of the best solutions to treat moderate to severe pain. Because morphine also produces a sense of euphoria, it has been prescribed to relieve fear and anxiety. Surgical physicians frequently prescribe morphine prior to surgery for both its pain relieving and anxiety reducing properties. Morphine is also a powerful cough suppressant and is frequently used in terminal patients to manage the pain and emotional discomfort associated with this last stage of life.
For many people the first realization that they may be addicted to a drug comes when they attempt to stop using the drug and suffer serious withdrawal symptoms. However the indicators of morphine addiction do not always present in such obvious and physical ways. Behavioral and psychological symptoms suggest morphine addiction. Morphine affects the brain and produces an often-desired state of being. After regular use the brain will seek or crave the drug. A person craving morphine will want more of the drug before the scheduled dose time or want more than the amount prescribed. These cravings may lead a person to use more morphine or add other painkillers, drugs or alcohol.
One segment of the population who abuses morphine is the elderly. According to the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) about 17% of Americans age 60 and older misuse prescription drugs, alcohol or both. As morphine is often prescribed for pain or surgery, it is one of the many pharmaceutical products that seniors are given. Anyone misusing morphine will be adept at hiding their drug abuse. They may visit several different doctors and withhold information to acquire multiple prescriptions. They may take their prescriptions to different pharmacies to avoid suspicion. They may even have different family members pick up their prescriptions so that no one family member has a complete picture of their drug use.
Since morphine can remain in your system for up to 30 days, medically supervised detox services provided by quality drug rehab facilities are needed to ensure that a person is safe and that the drug is completely removed from the body. While medically supervised detox is typically a 4-7 day process, many addicts also receive counseling and other treatment services during that period of time. Recovery is not complete after this stage of treatment, but it is an important first step toward a drug-free life.
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