Can Morphine Cause Personality Disorders?

Can Morphine Cause Personality Disorders?

A personality disorder is a mental illness that motivates extreme behaviors counter to widely accepted social norms. There are several types of personality disorders with varying symptoms and characteristics, as outlined below:

  • Antisocial – Manipulative, exploitative and dishonest
  • Avoidant – Socially phobic and terrified of rejection
  • Borderline – Unstable, explosive and intense
  • Narcissistic – Self-consumed and egotistical
  • Obsessive-Compulsive – Anxious preoccupation with order
  • Paranoid – Baseless and consuming suspicion of others

Morphine is a prominent pain medication derived from the same opium poppy plants as heroin. Little evidence suggests that morphine abuse can cause a personality disorder, but the two conditions often go hand-in-hand. According to the Science Daily website in 2007, more than half of all people with addiction or mental illness have co-occurring conditions involving both issues.

Morphine and Mental Health

Morphine may not directly cause a personality disorder, but there are several other possible connections, including the following:

  • Morphine abuse can trigger a previously dormant personality disorder
  • Personality disorders can accelerate substance abuse and vice versa
  • Drug abuse commonly masks the symptoms of a mental health problem
  • Morphine use is often initiated to self-medicate the symptoms of a mental health disorder

Morphine’s opiate effects can help a person relax, which can ease bouts of compulsion, paranoia or borderline intensity. Personality disorders are treatable illnesses, but morphine abuse can hide the problem. For example, addictive behaviors share overlapping symptoms with personality disorders, including the following:

  • Addicts often lie or steal to acquire more drugs, which are actions characteristic of an antisocial disorder
  • Morphine abuse can lead to social withdrawal and isolation similar to those with an avoidant disorder
  • An addict’s obsession with acquiring and consuming drugs draws parallels to an obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Withdrawal symptoms from morphine dependence can mimic the explosive nature of a borderline personality

These overlapping symptoms can cause a personality disorder to go undetected in a morphine addict. Moreover, the effects of the various disorders, such as shyness, paranoia and inflated ego, can act as deterrents to addiction care and stumbling blocks in recovery. For this reason, it is essential to treat both conditions together to provide the best chance of recovery success.

Opiate Addiction Treatment

Detoxification is the first step to any morphine addiction treatment program, and it typically involves weaning the patient off the drug gradually for a more comfortable withdrawal. Rehab centers then provide integrated Dual Diagnosis care to treat both conditions simultaneously. This treatment involves several potential services, including the following:

  • Mental health screenings to identify personality disorders and mood issues
  • Targeted therapies and possible medications to address the disorders
  • Psychodynamic counseling to explore unconscious motivations and conflicts
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to improve beliefs, behaviors and responses
  • Educational tools to assist in understanding the disorder and addiction
  • Behavioral tools that empower patients to better handle stress and emotions
  • Group therapy to discuss the addiction and struggle with other patients

Personality disorders can take longer to treat than the typical length of residential care. The rehab facility may recommend aftercare services, including the following:

  • A case manager to coordinate care and oversee progress
  • Sober companion to provide support and accountability
  • Family counseling to address conflict and rebuild trust
  • Ongoing treatments to continue improving mental health
  • Holistic options like nutrition, meditation and herbology

Concurrent mental health and opiate addiction issues present serious health and lifestyle risks, which is why people should never delay treatment.

Find Morphine Addiction and Mental Health Treatment Help

Do you have a potential personality disorder and/or a problem with morphine? Call our toll-free helpline to discuss warning signs, rehab facilities and integrated treatment options. We can also check health insurance policies for coverage. Our team of addiction counselors is available 24 hours a day, so please call now.